Part 3
Projects & Landmarks
Physical Sciences & Engineering / Landmark


European Magnetic Field Laboratory

A unique effort to generate the highest possible magnetic fields for excellent research


The European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL) develops and operates the highest possible magnetic fields that can be used for scientific research, and making them available to the scientific community. The EMFL unites, coordinates and reinforces all existing European large-scale high magnetic field Research Infrastructures in a single body. These facilities are the Laboratoire National de Champs Magnétiques Intenses (LNCMI), with its sites for pulsed fields in Toulouse and continuous fields in Grenoble, the Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory (HLD) and the High Field Magnet Laboratory (HFML) in Nijmegen. The EMFL formally represents and operates tasks, in particular the access program, of the parent laboratories. The UK community, represented by the University of Nottingham, joined EMFL at the end of 2015.

The parent organizations of the three facilities have created a legal structure in the form of an International not-for-profit Association under Belgian Law (AISBL) sited in Belgium. The AISBL statutes were signed in January 2015.


The LNCMI is a French large-scale facility operated by CNRS and associated to INSA, UPS and UGA, enabling researchers from all over the world to perform experiments in the highest possible magnetic fields. Continuous fields up to 37 Tesla are available at the Grenoble site. Pulsed fields up to 99 Tesla and 208 Tesla semi-destructively are available at the Toulouse site. The HLD in the Helmholtz- Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) focuses on modern materials research at high magnetic fields. It serves as a research facility for both in-house and user projects and provides research opportunities for pulsed magnetic fields up to 90 Tesla for routine operation. The HLD aims at reaching magnetic fields up to the feasibility limit of about 100 Tesla. The HFML in Nijmegen is committed to generate the highest available continuous magnetic fields. HFML is a Dutch large European research facility open for external researchers and operated by the Radboud University (RU) and Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). In the HFML resistive magnets with fields up to 37,5 Tesla are available and a 45 Tesla hybrid magnet is under development.

The main research activities supported by the EMFL are: magnetic and superconducting materials, strongly correlated electron systems, low-dimensional magnetic materials, nanostructured materials, magnet design and technology, semiconductors and nano-systems, mesoscopic physic, strongly correlated electron systems, molecular magnetism, soft condensed matter.


The EMFL has developed transportable pulsed magnets and generators allowing fields of up to 40 Tesla to be combined with large neutron, X-ray, or laser sources impacting fundamental science programmes across disciplines. Neutron and synchrotron experiments in pulsed fields allow researchers to reveal the microscopic properties of matter; they are conducted jointly between the EMFL and a number of large facilities that are leaders in their field. Both in Dresden and Nijmegen the adjacent THz radiation facilities ELBE and FELIX Laboratory are connected to the high field magnets and offer combined experiments.

Magnetic fields can help defeat cancer as they are used to trace tumours or to do nanodrug delivery, in combination with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). EMFL researchers also develop a compact and inexpensive beam delivery alternative for proton beam therapy. EMFL supports applied research for forming, joining, and welding metals by using the large compressive forces produced by very short and intense energy-efficient magnetic-field pulse technology with many extra benefits for economy and environment. Magnetic fields can help scientists reveal the hidden physical properties of neodymium-like or other brand new magnetic materials that can be used to create smaller, more efficient electric motors. EMFL supports the application of high-temperature superconductivity to energy storage and transport, and into developing magnetic levitation and was involved in preliminary measurements demonstrating the enormous technological potential of graphene.

legal status
AISBL, 2015
political support
lead country
members countries
The full list of research institutions involved must be found in the website of the RI
Roadmap Entry
Preparation Phase
Implementation/Construction Phase
Operation Start
estimated costs
capital value
170 M€
Not Available
Not Available
Not Available
20 M€/year

Brussels, Belgium